Lava in Iceland
Iceland sits on a rift in between the tectonic plates of North America and Europe, a so called hotspot for volcanic activity. This means that Iceland experiences severe volcanic activity on a regular bases. There is no immideate threat people in Iceland but the effects of larger eruptions can be difficult to predict as was seen when the widely known volcanic glacier Eyjafjallajokull (elev. 1,666 m) erupted in 2010, sending ash high into the atmosphere and seriously disrupting European air traffic. Scientists continue to monitor the nearby Icelandic Volcano Katla (elev. 1,512 m), which has a high probability of eruption in the very near future, potentially disrupting air traffic.
Tourism is a growing industry in Iceland and one of the more recent aditions to the many exciting day tours offered to tourists in Iceland is the oppertunity to go on the so-called volcanoe tours, an adventure in Iceland like no other, where you get the chance to walk on a volcano in Iceland and see the massively impressive lava fields with their lava caves. The icelandic lava is now partly covered in moss but jagged edges and spikes dominate the otherwise barren landscapes of the lava in Iceland. There are also long and short horse riding tours available which travel through these lava fields at a slow pace giving the tourist an oppertunity to slowly enjoy Icelands natural beauty.
The Volcano Hekla
Hekla, located in the south of Iceland amidst the Fjallabak mountain range, is one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland.In holding up its reputation as one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland, Hekla has seen over 20 eruptions since 874, being referred to as the "Gateway to Hell,” dating back to the Middle Ages.
The Icelandic volcano, Eyjafjallajokull, is one of Iceland's smallerice caps located in the far south of the island. As one of the more famous Icelandic volcanoes, it’s situated to the north of Skogar and to the west of the larger ice cap Myrdalsjokull.The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano 1,666 metres (5,466 ft) high, which has erupted relatively frequently since the last ice age. The mountain itself, a stratovolcano, stands at 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point, and has a crater 3–4 kilometres (1.9–2.5 mi) in diameter, open to the north.
The Katla volcano, located near the southern end of Iceland's eastern volcanic zone, is hidden beneath the Myrdalsjokull icecap. Katla is one of Iceland's most active and most dangerous volcanoes, infamous for its large eruptions happening on average every 50-100 years, causing devastating glacial floods.