Iceland Glacier

The glaciers of Iceland cover 10% of the land area of the country which is about 11,200 km² or about 4328 sq miles. out of the total area of 103,125 km². This mass of frozen Ice has a considerable impact on the landscape and meteorology of Iceland and make for a great place to have an Icelandic adventure.   

Many Icelandic ice caps and glaciers even lie above active volcanoes, such as Grimsvotn and Bardarbunga, which lie under the biggest glacier in Europe, Vatnajokull. The caldera of Grimsvotn is 100 km² in area, and Bardarbunga is 60 km². When volcanic activity occurs under the glacier, the accumulated meltwater can lead to a sudden glacial lake outburst or flood, known in Icelandic as jokulhlaup, literally glacier-run. This huge mass of water forces its way down the glacers and fills the glacial rivers with melted ice as well as huge chunks of ice, parts of the glacier litterally break off and are sweapt downriver where they melt. Volcanic activity does not nesseserily mean that there are eruptions, only that the heat from the liquid magma is so great it melts the ice above it. Such jokulhlaups have however occasionally triggered volcanic eruptions through the sudden release of pressure.
Travelling across the glaciers was rare in earlier times, but nowadays 
it'squite common when the weather is good. Such trips however should not be 
undertaken by the inexperienced unless accompanied by professionals. The importance of this can not be stressed enough as there are fatalities and seviere accidents on Icelandic glaciers every year.

Hotels in Iceland


Breidamerkurjokull

Breidamerkurjokullis an outlet glacier of the larger glacier of Vatnajokull in southeastern Iceland. Emerging as a tongue of the Vatnajokull, it ends in a small lagoon, known as Jokulsarlon...

Drangajokull

Drangajokull is the northernmost glacier of Iceland. It is situated southwest of the peninsula Hornstrandir in the Vestfirdir region. The glacier covers an area of 160–200 km2 (62–77 sq. mi) at an altitude...

Eyjabakkajokull

The glacier snout Eyjabakkajokull is the easternmost of the other much larger, northern tongues. It flows through the so-called Devil’s Pass to the east of Breidabunga and down to the mud-flats Eyjabakkar...

Myrdalsjokull

The Myrdalsjokull (1480m) is the fourth largest glacier with an area of about 590 km². It rests on a very volcanically active mountain ridge, which erupted in 1918. Its volcano is called Katla...